Volume X |

The Evolution and Territorial Distribution of Rural Population in Romania at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Abstract: As a territorial and socio-economic formation, the village represents the concrete expression of territorial permanence and continuity, directly relating to the genetic and dynamic factors of settlement phases and humanisation of the geographical space. Under the present conditions, a number of manifest phenomena are triggered by the decrease in birth-rates, internal and external migration, all of which affect the process of population ageing throughout the country. In the 20 years elapsed since the downfall of the communist regime in 1989, the population of Romania dropped by nearly 1,713,000 inhabitants, 1,195,000 of them in the countryside alone. The demographic decline continued over the 2000-2009 period as well, at higher rates in the rural (-49 ‰) than in the urban (-37‰) areas. Solving the numerous issues connected with the rural population component calls for strategic, time-stable optimal approaches.

Volume VIII |

Types of Rural Landscapes in the Oltenian Subcarpathian Depressions

Abstract: Types and territorial distribution are governed by natural resources, demographic and economic factors. The evolution of the human factor in time, the changes occurred in the structure and spread of human settlements, the management of the commons for economic purposes have engendered a huge variety of landscapes in the Curvature Subcarpathians. The evolution of the population (of the labour force) is the main criterion differentiating rural landscapes on the basis of the geomorphic analysis. This landscape dynamics was found to be sliding steeply, moderately or spiralling up. The agro-economic criterion (land use) distinguished the following agricultural landscapes: very extended (80% of the communes) with cultivated fields (bocage variant), wine and fruit-tree plantations, agro-pastoral and mixed-agriculture types. Owing to the diversity of natural factors, the rural landscape in the Bend area has good conditions to develop. The century-old man/ nature relationship has created several human-based rural landscape types, influenced by the type of economic activities.