Arch dam failure preliminary analysis using HEC-RAS and HEC-GEO RAS modeling. Case study Someșul Rece 1 reservoir
Abstract: This paper presents a preliminary analysis/simulation of the Someşul Rece 1 dam breaking scenario, from the homonym hydrographic basin, located in the north-eastern part of the Apuseni Mountains, at a 0.1 % probability tributary flow rate calculation. The study of the floodplain areas, that occur after the failure of the Someşul Rece 1 dam, was achieved with the help of 1D hydrological modelling. This type of modelling is one of the most complex (Cameron et al., 2006), involving both, the definition of a model with temporal evolution of the dam rupture, and the simulation of a unsteady flow stream in the downstream sector. For the dam analysed area and the downstream sector, several scenarios and modelling of hydrological systems was achieved, with the help of HEC-RAS 5.0.3 software, developed by the Hydrologic Engineering Center (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers).This free software is the most widely used worldwide in the domain, particularly by the official agencies, having a continuous development, given by the involvement of specialists. The software simplifies the problem of hydrodynamic modelling, due to the limitation to a 1D model. Because the flood obviously has a spatial character, GIS software (ESRI ArcGis with the HEC-GeoRAS extension) were used in determining and defining the hydrographic elements (channel, talweg, banks etc.) and, also, in the representation of the results. Maps of the flood-prone areas have been developed, maps which indicated the magnitude of the estimated accidental flood downstream. The results of the simulation were also used to determine the anticipation time.