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Human and economic geography

Volume XIII |

Recent mutations in the social-economic structure of Dolj county’s population. Gender differentiations

Abstract: The article sets out to explain the changes that occurred in the social-economic structure of Dolj county’s population, taking into consideration the differences between the male and the female population. The present analysis is based on the processing and mapping a large amount of statistical data from the 2011 population census.
Identification and analysis of territorial imbalances were made on the basis of several significant indicators: the general activity rate, the economic dependency ratio, the unemployment share within the occupied population, the occupied population share in agriculture and other economic activities, the level of education of the active population.
The results of this research pointed out some significant differences between the urban and the rural areas of Dolj county, but also between the male and female population.

Volume XIII |

The pattern of demografic changes in Craiova and its peripheries – causal or catalytic agent in the urban growth?

Abstract: The paper analyses the demographic structure of Craiova and its neighbouring area, taking into consideration the suburbanization process and the strong demographic decline that followed after 1990. The demographic potential is the inner driving force of the urban and represents a decisive factor for the territorial changes that the contemporary post-communist town is facing in the context of an ever-increasing mobility and transformations of the core-periphery relationships.

Volume XIII |

Development and use of public space – the case of Saint Stephen square of Szeged

Abstract: Public space development has got an increasing role in the urban development movements. These parts of the city were always important in history and today they are more and more often analyzed in scientific researches. In the Western countries (mainly in North America and Western Europe) public space development is highly detailed and really longsighted. In Hungary this kind of method started to be used later and has not been so sophisticated and matured yet. This paper presents the development of Saint Stephen square of Szeged, Hungary. Besides the development, it also presents what kind of methods are appropriate for analyzing a square. Saint Stephen square is a good example to illustrate the changes related to the rehabilitation because it has been a degraded but popular place and after the development it has become a really attractive but not so lively square. Its main characteristic was a flea market, which gave the essence to it, but after the renewal it has become much smaller; due to some other changes, it could no longer function as before. This movement caused the biggest impairment of the place and some other negative changes also emerged.

Volume XII |

The impact and importance of return migration in East Central Europe

Abstract: Return migration might be a key factor for development in sending regions, especially in East Central Europe. In 2004, the enlargement of the European Union affected a mass labour migration from post-socialist countries towards Western European regions. Among rules of the Union this East-West migration has become more than brain-drain, beside high-skilled migrants, lower skilled ones also leave their country of origin. This paper focused on common characteristics of migrants from East Central European countries. During research I have used results of an online survey among migrants and made interviews with returned Hungarian migrants. Though sending countries make efforts towards re-attracting migrants, without stable macro-factors their return might be uncertain. According to my results, though each country has its own profile, in some cases, especially Hungarian and Polish migrants have common characteristics in terms of motivation of emigration and type of work abroad.

Volume XII |

Urban mobility management: new challenges for a sustainable future

Abstract: Nowadays urban areas show increasing signs of environmental problems (bad quality of air, traffic congestion, limited land resources etc.) while green areas and open spaces are under continuous threat. Urban activities deeply affect environment and the overall quality of life of the urban population. So urban mobility is becoming more and more an international problem and efforts regarding sustainable mobility issues are spreading worldwide. Several countries are proposing new standards to actual mobility, leading transport to a new sustainable future. Sustainable mobility means inducing a modal shift towards more sustainable transport patterns such as walking, cycling or public transport through the instruments of information and promotion campaigns. These measures are able to improve the effectiveness of “hard” urban transport and to develop sustainable behaviour among the citizens. Several international projects dealing with mobility management were promoted in Europe, most of them supported by the European Union. Furthermore, the European Platform on Mobility Management (EPOMM) was officially launched in 1999 as an international partnership aiming to promote and further develop mobility management in the EU. The main goal of this paper is to identify the different sustainable mobility strategies in the European context, to give an account of the most relevant European mobility projects and to try to demonstrate that best practices in sustainable mobility management could be easily transferred to other scarcely developed realities in many Italian cities.