Human and economic geography

Volume XIII |

The pattern of demografic changes in Craiova and its peripheries – causal or catalytic agent in the urban growth?

Abstract: The paper analyses the demographic structure of Craiova and its neighbouring area, taking into consideration the suburbanization process and the strong demographic decline that followed after 1990. The demographic potential is the inner driving force of the urban and represents a decisive factor for the territorial changes that the contemporary post-communist town is facing in the context of an ever-increasing mobility and transformations of the core-periphery relationships.

Volume XIII |

Development and use of public space – the case of Saint Stephen square of Szeged

Abstract: Public space development has got an increasing role in the urban development movements. These parts of the city were always important in history and today they are more and more often analyzed in scientific researches. In the Western countries (mainly in North America and Western Europe) public space development is highly detailed and really longsighted. In Hungary this kind of method started to be used later and has not been so sophisticated and matured yet. This paper presents the development of Saint Stephen square of Szeged, Hungary. Besides the development, it also presents what kind of methods are appropriate for analyzing a square. Saint Stephen square is a good example to illustrate the changes related to the rehabilitation because it has been a degraded but popular place and after the development it has become a really attractive but not so lively square. Its main characteristic was a flea market, which gave the essence to it, but after the renewal it has become much smaller; due to some other changes, it could no longer function as before. This movement caused the biggest impairment of the place and some other negative changes also emerged.

Volume XII |

The impact and importance of return migration in East Central Europe

Abstract: Return migration might be a key factor for development in sending regions, especially in East Central Europe. In 2004, the enlargement of the European Union affected a mass labour migration from post-socialist countries towards Western European regions. Among rules of the Union this East-West migration has become more than brain-drain, beside high-skilled migrants, lower skilled ones also leave their country of origin. This paper focused on common characteristics of migrants from East Central European countries. During research I have used results of an online survey among migrants and made interviews with returned Hungarian migrants. Though sending countries make efforts towards re-attracting migrants, without stable macro-factors their return might be uncertain. According to my results, though each country has its own profile, in some cases, especially Hungarian and Polish migrants have common characteristics in terms of motivation of emigration and type of work abroad.

Volume XII |

Urban mobility management: new challenges for a sustainable future

Abstract: Nowadays urban areas show increasing signs of environmental problems (bad quality of air, traffic congestion, limited land resources etc.) while green areas and open spaces are under continuous threat. Urban activities deeply affect environment and the overall quality of life of the urban population. So urban mobility is becoming more and more an international problem and efforts regarding sustainable mobility issues are spreading worldwide. Several countries are proposing new standards to actual mobility, leading transport to a new sustainable future. Sustainable mobility means inducing a modal shift towards more sustainable transport patterns such as walking, cycling or public transport through the instruments of information and promotion campaigns. These measures are able to improve the effectiveness of “hard” urban transport and to develop sustainable behaviour among the citizens. Several international projects dealing with mobility management were promoted in Europe, most of them supported by the European Union. Furthermore, the European Platform on Mobility Management (EPOMM) was officially launched in 1999 as an international partnership aiming to promote and further develop mobility management in the EU. The main goal of this paper is to identify the different sustainable mobility strategies in the European context, to give an account of the most relevant European mobility projects and to try to demonstrate that best practices in sustainable mobility management could be easily transferred to other scarcely developed realities in many Italian cities.

Volume XII |

Urban territorial dynamics and socio-economic changes in Craiova city

Abstract: The city as a form of spatial organization had different typologies along the time which have been shown in various models of urban organization. The complex functions of the city which are based on the analysis of its functional areas imprints a specific model and a specificity of the local potential that can be capitalized in various ways. The economic and social phenomena that occur in the city such as industrialization, tertiarization, deindustrialization and functional reorganization of spaces, population dynamics, the share of its involvement in different economic sectors, influence very clearly the physiognomy of the city. The urban dynamics reveals that the city is constantly facing a number of problems and has a close connectivity with the rural and urban areas nearby. This study aims to make a diagnosis analysis of Craiova urban space revealing the urban dynamics and systemic analysis and also the socio-economic aspects presented through the quantitative processing of statistical data (between 1965 and 2012) on population dynamics, its employment by sector of economy and the functional profile of the city. The determination of the urban organizational model and the morpho-functional zoning of Craiova will reveal the spatial characteristics which are reflected in the social and economic activities undertaken in the city.