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Human and economic geography

Volume XIV |

Mapping the differences in online public information by local administrative units in Romania

Abstract: We evaluated the differences existing in the public information presented by local administrative units in Romania by analyzing the websites of 3175 local administrative units based on a standard database which contains 17 indicators (grouped into three categories: identification, content and administrative support). We used descriptive statistics for analyzing results and ArcGis 10 for mapping the geographical patterns of distribution. 2769 local administrative units (87.09%) have a dedicated website, but the information presented on them are scarce, and in a direct connection with its rank in the network of settlements. The unbalance between content indicators and the administrative support indicators reveals a politicization of the websites, detrimental to public information and participation. The lowest values of online public information (<20%) are present in counties with a high proportion of profound rural settlements or a particular ethnical distribution of population.

Volume XIII |

Recent mutations in the social-economic structure of Dolj county’s population. Gender differentiations

Abstract: The article sets out to explain the changes that occurred in the social-economic structure of Dolj county’s population, taking into consideration the differences between the male and the female population. The present analysis is based on the processing and mapping a large amount of statistical data from the 2011 population census.
Identification and analysis of territorial imbalances were made on the basis of several significant indicators: the general activity rate, the economic dependency ratio, the unemployment share within the occupied population, the occupied population share in agriculture and other economic activities, the level of education of the active population.
The results of this research pointed out some significant differences between the urban and the rural areas of Dolj county, but also between the male and female population.

Volume XIII |

The pattern of demografic changes in Craiova and its peripheries – causal or catalytic agent in the urban growth?

Abstract: The paper analyses the demographic structure of Craiova and its neighbouring area, taking into consideration the suburbanization process and the strong demographic decline that followed after 1990. The demographic potential is the inner driving force of the urban and represents a decisive factor for the territorial changes that the contemporary post-communist town is facing in the context of an ever-increasing mobility and transformations of the core-periphery relationships.

Volume XIII |

Development and use of public space – the case of Saint Stephen square of Szeged

Abstract: Public space development has got an increasing role in the urban development movements. These parts of the city were always important in history and today they are more and more often analyzed in scientific researches. In the Western countries (mainly in North America and Western Europe) public space development is highly detailed and really longsighted. In Hungary this kind of method started to be used later and has not been so sophisticated and matured yet. This paper presents the development of Saint Stephen square of Szeged, Hungary. Besides the development, it also presents what kind of methods are appropriate for analyzing a square. Saint Stephen square is a good example to illustrate the changes related to the rehabilitation because it has been a degraded but popular place and after the development it has become a really attractive but not so lively square. Its main characteristic was a flea market, which gave the essence to it, but after the renewal it has become much smaller; due to some other changes, it could no longer function as before. This movement caused the biggest impairment of the place and some other negative changes also emerged.

Volume XII |

The impact and importance of return migration in East Central Europe

Abstract: Return migration might be a key factor for development in sending regions, especially in East Central Europe. In 2004, the enlargement of the European Union affected a mass labour migration from post-socialist countries towards Western European regions. Among rules of the Union this East-West migration has become more than brain-drain, beside high-skilled migrants, lower skilled ones also leave their country of origin. This paper focused on common characteristics of migrants from East Central European countries. During research I have used results of an online survey among migrants and made interviews with returned Hungarian migrants. Though sending countries make efforts towards re-attracting migrants, without stable macro-factors their return might be uncertain. According to my results, though each country has its own profile, in some cases, especially Hungarian and Polish migrants have common characteristics in terms of motivation of emigration and type of work abroad.