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Volume XV |

Classification, Typology and Distribution of Solification Rocks in Romania

Abstract: The present paper seeks to contribute to the better knowledge of the parental rocks of different soil types that are found in Romania, as well as their share in the country’s territory.
During its geological-geographical evolution, on Romania’s territory various geological (petrographic) formations have been formed, from crystalline rocks to loams, sands, fluvial and organic deposits. Because the types of rocks are numerous and their territorial distribution changes in narrower areas, the paper aims to group them according to their associating mode, genesis, as well as to their contribution to soil formation.
The paper introduces a new map of solification rocks in Romania, scale 1:1.000.000, which aims not only to their theoretical classification, but also to determine the surfaces occupied by each category, and their distribution on the country’s major relief units. In addition to the new map, achieved after the processing and updating of different cartographical materials using GIS techniques, information regarding the soil types formed on each category of parental rocks is provided.

Volume XV |

The Standardization of the Services in Farm-stay Tourism – The EuroGites Method as a Possible Solution

Abstract: This study assessed conceptual terms of farm-stay tourism through connection with the criteria of quality of services. Based on best practices and experiences from the European countries, the European Federation of Rural Tourism (EuroGites) has established common quality assessment standards for accommodation units in rural areas. Criteria of established standards are grouped into five clusters: equipment, surroundings, services at the accommodation and its surroundings, non-material aspects and security. This paper aims at a comparative analysis between the minimal conditions for international and domestic markets, through the assessment of the farm-stay tourism quality segments. In this respect, the research has been conducted in the selected villages in Vojvodina Province (Northern Serbia) by using EuroGites methodological instrument. The main hypothesis of the paper was based on the estimation that quality of farm-stay tourism in Vojvodina Province is measurable by the extent to which they comply with the EuroGites criteria in the domestic and international level. The results showed that the three sub-hypotheses are confirmed, and two of them are disproved. The research findings represent a useful tool for obtaining information about many aspects of quality in farm-stay tourism and, with slight modifications, it can be used in various areas of quality research.

Volume XV |

Cultural Routes – Cross-border Tourist Destinations within Southeastern Europe

Abstract: Cultural routes may become interesting tourist destinations because of their thematic and traveling experience, making connections to renown places, events and personalities. The process of forming cultural routes as tourist products is considered a new principle of protection, revitalization, use and presentation of cultural heritage. Europe in particular is rich in cultural heritage originating from different historical epochs. This is why within the renown and most visited cultural routes were formed in Europe. There are 32 pan-European cultural routes, of which several routes cross Southeastern Europe. This article aims to examine the interrelation of the cultural routes within Southern Europe with those from the entire Europe. The main goal is to determine to what extent their connection to the existing routes contribute to the tourism promotion of SEE states, making them the cross-border tourist destinations.

Volume XV |

Foreign Direct Investments in Serbia as a Form of Cross-border Cooperation

Abstract: The forms of foreign direct investments that represent the instrument of cross-border cooperation are Greenfield and Brownfield investments. On the territory of the Republic of Serbia, during the 2000-2016 period, there were established 151 Greenfield and 15 Brownfield companies. The sum of investments of these 166 companies was near € 7,000,000,000. the capital is from 18 European countries, then from United States, Taiwan, China, South Korea, Canada and India. The largest number of the investments is from Italy (30), Germany (29), Austria (17) and Slovenia (16). Most Greenfield and Brownfield companies belong to the secondary and tertiary sectors of the economy, while 22 companies belong to quaternary sector (real estate, tourism, finance, insurance and pension, telecommunication, film industry, software and ICT).
The analysis, synthesis, comparative and mapping methods were used in this paper. The data were collected from domestic and foreign scientific papers, as well as from the official electronic database. Given data are connected to the traffic network of Serbia, and the goal was to realize its influence on choosing locations for foreign direct investments.
Favourable geo- traffic position of the towns, where the company seats are located, has great significance in the work of these companies due to the reduction of transport costs. This paper analyzed the companies’ selection of location and their position in relation to the main roads in the country – Corridor X. The zonation of companies and towns where they are located, depending on their distance from the corridor 10, were processed in GeoMedia program. Results showed that most of the companies (102) were located at a distance of 10 kilometres from the highway.

Volume XV |

Comparative Analysis of the FDI’s Spatial Localization Models in the Danube Provinces of Bulgaria

Abstract: The Danube provinces of Bulgaria are among the least developed NUTS3 regions in the country and in the EU. From that point of view, overcoming of their socio-economic underdevelopment is not only of particular interest for the Bulgarian regional policy, but is also at the base of realizing a successful strategy for sustainable territorial development of the cross-border region Romania-Bulgaria. Being a key factor in the discourse of regional development, the FDI should be scrutinized in a view to uncover the main regularities and trends in these provinces, as well as potentials and perspectives ahead of the separate administrative units. The analysis of some key indicators connected with the dynamics and distribution of the FDI stocks and their per capita ratio, with the FDI density, and with the proportion FDI-GDP, demonstrates the lack of a distinct and typical for all Danube provinces of Bulgaria trend in the investment activity. However, we find out a common feature in their spatial localization models – the predominant concentration of FDI in the regional centres. The study also discloses the correlations between sectoral structure and FDI supplies, as well as the FDI’s role for the changes in some key economic, social, and demographic indicators’ values in these provinces. The quantitative analysis’ results are complemented with qualitative characteristics of the processes as we put special emphasis on factors such as: the insufficient capacity for creating agglomeration effects; the lack of clusterization based on joint initiatives of the provinces; the relatively weak impact of the free trade zones and the industrial zones; the poor connectivity with the national transport system. The elaborated systematic territorial study of the foreign investments’ spatial models in the Danube provinces of Bulgaria is a solid base for designing/implementing a differentiated, adequate, flexible, and proactive regional and local policies.