Volume XII |

GIS in Healthcare Planning: A Case Study of Varanasi, India

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to examine the relevance of Geographical information system (GIS) supporting health planners for a district level healthcare planning. For this purpose, an attempt has been made here to calculate the hospital requirement area to know the specific sector that needs to better develop health facilities. The weightage is assigned to the class of thematic layers respectively to produce weighted thematic maps, which have been overlaid and numerically added in order to produce a Hospital requirement index (HRI) and hospital requirement zone (HRZ) map. These maps are very useful to calculate the exact area having good health facilities and also those wherein healthcare facilities need to be improved in Varanasi district. The Hospital requirement index (HRI) values according to the weighting method are found to lie in the range from 11 to 23. After calculation by weighting method using selected indicators, it is found that the areas coming under very high and high requirement class is 46.62% and 7.55%, respectively, whereas 3.39% and 42.63% of the total areas comes under low and moderate requirement classes in Varanasi district. Primary data are also collected from 800 respondents of 16 selected villages (2 villages from each development block) in the rural parts of the district to know about the utilization of healthcare facilities and their results are analysed with the help of statistical SPSS software. It is interesting to note that only 25.38% respondents are satisfied with the available healthcare services of primary health centres (PHCs), while 60% of respondents remain partially satisfied. The remaining 14.62% (117) respondents are not satisfied with the services of PHCs.

Volume XII |

Urban mobility management: new challenges for a sustainable future

Abstract: Nowadays urban areas show increasing signs of environmental problems (bad quality of air, traffic congestion, limited land resources etc.) while green areas and open spaces are under continuous threat. Urban activities deeply affect environment and the overall quality of life of the urban population. So urban mobility is becoming more and more an international problem and efforts regarding sustainable mobility issues are spreading worldwide. Several countries are proposing new standards to actual mobility, leading transport to a new sustainable future. Sustainable mobility means inducing a modal shift towards more sustainable transport patterns such as walking, cycling or public transport through the instruments of information and promotion campaigns. These measures are able to improve the effectiveness of “hard” urban transport and to develop sustainable behaviour among the citizens. Several international projects dealing with mobility management were promoted in Europe, most of them supported by the European Union. Furthermore, the European Platform on Mobility Management (EPOMM) was officially launched in 1999 as an international partnership aiming to promote and further develop mobility management in the EU. The main goal of this paper is to identify the different sustainable mobility strategies in the European context, to give an account of the most relevant European mobility projects and to try to demonstrate that best practices in sustainable mobility management could be easily transferred to other scarcely developed realities in many Italian cities.

Volume XII |

Urban territorial dynamics and socio-economic changes in Craiova city

Abstract: The city as a form of spatial organization had different typologies along the time which have been shown in various models of urban organization. The complex functions of the city which are based on the analysis of its functional areas imprints a specific model and a specificity of the local potential that can be capitalized in various ways. The economic and social phenomena that occur in the city such as industrialization, tertiarization, deindustrialization and functional reorganization of spaces, population dynamics, the share of its involvement in different economic sectors, influence very clearly the physiognomy of the city. The urban dynamics reveals that the city is constantly facing a number of problems and has a close connectivity with the rural and urban areas nearby. This study aims to make a diagnosis analysis of Craiova urban space revealing the urban dynamics and systemic analysis and also the socio-economic aspects presented through the quantitative processing of statistical data (between 1965 and 2012) on population dynamics, its employment by sector of economy and the functional profile of the city. The determination of the urban organizational model and the morpho-functional zoning of Craiova will reveal the spatial characteristics which are reflected in the social and economic activities undertaken in the city.

Volume XII |

Pécs, a possible gateway city

Abstract: When Hungary’s borders were fixed after the World War I, Szeged and Pécs became towns managing the relations of Hungary with the countries in the south. In our paper we examine the factors that make Pécs suitable for the Southern intermediate role, and whether the goals and achievements of Pécs2010 European Capital of Culture programme series reinforced this position.
Pécs has an outstanding status among the Hungarian towns of county rank and it is the most powerful regional centre. Its opening towards the south, its multicultural composition, its institutionalised system of foreign affairs, and its roles in various cooperations contribute to the city’s success in fulfilling the “gateway” role towards the South-Western direction.

Volume XII |

A conceptual viewpoint on the urban periphery. Craiova, Romania as a case study

Abstract: The article target is to address real and timely issues concerning the edges of the postmodern city by providing an invitation for thought, insight and overriding action in what concerns the urban geography and urban planning in Romania. The study addresses the scientific ingeneration to define and understand the concept of urban periphery and subsequently reflect on the characteristic elements that individuate it. It initiates a microscalar analysis, an original element which gives an insight in the mechanisms of its genesis, then customizes its features and afterwards, by stating subcomponents, clearly delineates the periphery of Craiova, a development urban pole in Romania.