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Volume VIII |

Meteo-Climatic Risks in the Timiş Plain with Impact on Agriculture

Abstract: The paper aims at investigating the thermal stress and risk factors within the maximum sensitivity period of the winter wheat (heading – flowering – grain filling). Through their intensity, frequency and duration, they may have negative effects on the vegetation state, finally determining the reduced, moderate or severe crop yield reduction. The study was carried out at two meteorological stations, situated in the Timiş Plain: Timişoara and Banloc. Knowing the incidence, frequency, duration and intensity of the agrometeorological stress and risk parameters and of crops vulnerability, it gives the possibility to minimize their impact on the yields by adopting certain efficient strategies and measures for protection at local level.

Volume VIII |

Considerations upon the Heat Wave from July 2007

Abstract: The present paper renders the analysis of the evolution of the heat wave that affected Romania between the 15th and the 24th of July 2007. This was the most intense heat wave registered in July; it also had the longest duration in the entire period since Romania made systematic meteorological observations. It affected the entire country, especially the southern and western regions, with the exception of mountainous area, where the effects were minimal. The maximum temperature for July was exceeded by 0.8°C, outlining an important increase in the evolution of July temperature, which may hold increased significance on the background of global warming. The heat wave mainly affected Hungary, Italy, Greece, Romania, Republic of Moldova, and Ukraine. All activity branches felt the consequences of this evolution. Thus, the paper is extremely useful to the experts in climatology, meteorology, to those who try to achieve a master or PhD thesis, to students and to all those interested in climatologic issues.

Volume VIII |

Drainage Evolution Determined by the Dynamics of Forest Areas within the Motru Hydrographic Basin

Abstract: The paper presents the evolution of drainage within the Motru hydrographic basin over the last 20 years, outlining the influence of the modifications occurred within the forested areas. The different degree of foresting in space (within the three sectors: mountainous, Subcarpathian and piedmont) and time (over the last 20 years) has major consequences over the regime of the water resources. Therefore, the main role comes directly to the azonal factor, which has a regularizing and compensatory role for the water resources, and indirectly to the human factor, more and more obvious, which leads to the withdrawal of forest areas.

Volume VIII |

The Role of Cultural Economy in Urban Competition with a Special Emphasis on Museums

Abstract: Traditional industries were pushed into the background in urban economies of the post-Fordist period, and both in capital turnover, as well as in employment it was the service industries, that became dominant. Consequently, those towns were in winning positions in this urban competition, in which the tertiary branches of the economy and improved services (information economy, R+D sector) could become the engines of urban development. The role of cultural economy in urban competition has recently been upgraded. Our study examines the role of cultural economy in urban competitions.

Volume VIII |

The Evolution of the Urban Public Transport During the 1950-2006 Period in Romania

Abstract: Although it has numerous tangencies with road transport, the passengers’ urban transport represents a transitional sector between the road transport and the railway transport. The increase of the number of inhabitants and the development of the cities, alongside the population’s need to move, determined the evolution of the urban transport. The scope of the present study is to show the dynamics of the number of cities with common transport, the evolution and the geographical distribution of the tram, bus, minibus and electric bus networks between 1950 and 2006. Another objective of this paper is to show the dynamics of the fleet and passengers transport during the same interval. The evolution of the transport network, of the carriages and the transport of passengers by metro between 1980 and 2006 was also analysed.