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Volume XIV |

A model of land suitability general analysis for new infrastructure projects in the Bârsa country (Romania)

Abstract: This study focuses on a geographical area with historical connotations, located in the internal curvature of the Carpathians.
The prospects of transport network in this area are geographically conditioned mainly by the morphodynamics of the surrounding relief. The working methodology was based on the ArcGIS analysis of four main factors for the transport infrastructure: geodeclivity, lithology, pedology and land use. The land suitability analysis must represent the preceding stage of any infrastructure project because it perfectly highlights the degree of favourability of new designed routes and exempts from any additional costs for maintenance, rehabilitation and redesign in the post construction stage, improving the project reliability prediction. The land suitability for the transport infrastructure is an issue of present interest for this region since in the last century the transport network has exponentially diversified and expanded, more pronounced and accelerated in recent years, due to increased road and railway traffic. This global trend requires the resize and adaptation of the transport infrastructure to the new mobility needs of society. With this development, the areas suitable for the transport infrastructure have high urban saturation. Thus, new routes are necessary on less suitable lands that must be analyzed for the optimization and sustainability of new routes converging in the Bârsa Country. The final map resulting from the GIS analysis provides the focused area with positive prospects for the transport infrastructure development, particularly in the depressionary area, new routes of moderate suitability being outlined for the mountainous area.

Volume XI |

The Evaluation of Geomorphosites from the Ponoare Protected Area

Abstract: In the present paper we present a new method of evaluating the geomorphosite. The method is presented by us/ our team and it was tested in the protected area Ponoare. In the first part of the article, we will apply, for the geomorphosites inventorized here, the other methods of evaluation known worldwide, and after that we will evaluate geomorphosites by following the new method proposed by us, a method which is adapted to geomorphological reality and to the reality of touristic exploitation of the analysed area. There were taken into account the methods developed up to now in the specialized literature, namely: the method of evaluating the touristic value of geomorphosites for the evaluation of the touristic value conceived by J. P. Pralong in 2005, the method developed in 2007 by E. Reynard et al.; the method developed at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia by P. Coratza and C. Giusti in 2005; and the method proposed at the University of Cantabria by V. M. Bruschi and A. Cendrero in 2005; the method developed by the University from Valladolid by E. Serrano and J. J. Gonzales Trueba in 2005; the method proposed by the University of Minho in 2007 by P. Pereira, the Greek method developed by N. Zourous in 2005 and the Slavonian method proposed in 2012 by B. Erhatic. The results obtained show different quantitative values compared to previous methods, but comparing the rank obtained by each geomorphosite during the evaluation, the rank stays the same. The values are situated in a different deviation compared to other methods, having in view that for additional values firstly the cultural value is reduced in the analysed area.

Volume VIII |

Inventoring and Evaluation of Geomorphosites in the Bucegi Mountains

Abstract: Geomorphosites stand for relief forms or geomorphologic processes that in time have gained an aesthetic, scientific, cultural, historical or economic value, as a result of human perception. Taking into consideration the above mentioned definition, the present paper aims at inventorying and evaluating part of the geomorphosites in the Bucegi Mountains. The final purpose is to propose some measures for a better protection and tourist promotion. The presence of numerous geomorphosites in the Bucegi Mountains is the direct result of the presence of limestones and conglomerates, as well as the succession of different modelling systems in time (glacial, periglacial, fluvial). We analysed this area since there are many and varied geomorphosites, and at the same time, it is one of the major tourist destinations (the largest number of tourists and the best tourist infrastructure within the Romanian Carpathian Mountains).