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Volume XIV |

The Human Pressure on the Environment Quality Through Land Use in Northern Side of the Someșean Plateau – Romania

Abstract: The analysed rural area has encountered, over the years, a series of economic, demographic and especially ecological changes, driven by the development of the society. Most of these changes had negative effects upon the environment. Human activities have also determined positive and negative topographic changes on the environment. The economic activities taking place in this rural area suffer from a lack of diversity and focus only on the usage of local resources, mainly agricultural and forestry. This is the main reason that caused the increase of the human impact upon the landscape and its components.
The current state of the quality of the environment and the changes it has suffered should have a significant importance for the rural community, so that one may issue some measures for protecting the ecosystems, for a sustainable development process to take place. The present study analyses the main human activities from the northern part of the Someșean Plateau in order to draw attention to the impact of human pressure on the quality of the environment.

Volume X |

The Evaluation of Rural Space through the Analysis of the Rurality Index. Case Study: the Villages of Sălaj East of Jibou

Abstract: This paper aims to underline the present state of development of the rural space from the Eastern part of Sălaj county, by analysing the rurality coefficient applied to 14 communes for the interval 1990-2008. The indices implemented for the evaluation are: agriculture, work force and population. The case study was accomplished based on the statistical data obtained from the County Directorate of Statistics of Sălaj County and from the evidences in the communes’ mayor’s offices, the intervals of calculation being established at every two years. The values of the rurality coefficient was obtained by applying two mathematical formulae – by the HDI calculation method – which demonstrates its positive or negative significance. The analysis of the results demonstrates the role of Rus village as a local polarizing center and the importance that this territorial-administrative unit would have regarding the sustainable development and planning of the rural space under study. The conclusion drawn from the interpretation of the indicators’ results proves that during an interval of 18 years, the values of the rurality coefficient maintained high, although some economic sectors recorded important modifications (at the indices’ level), emphasizing the strongly rural character of the Someşului Valley and Codru areas.