Analysis of precipitation characteristics and trends for the Getic Piedmont and Subcarpathians, Oltenia region, Romania
Abstract: Changes in precipitation characteristics of the hilly area of Oltenia, covering the western parts of the Getic Piedmont and SubCarpathians, were analysed, based on monthly rainfall data, for the timeframe 1961 to 2010. The precipitation trend analysis for the period 1961-2010 shows different results–increasing precipitation in winter half part of the year for most of the Subcarpathian area and a rainfall decrease in summer half of the year for the entire region. The piedmont part of the study area, with dominant agricultural land use, shows the highest spring precipitation decrease, whereas in the Subcarpathian area, summer and autumn precipitation increase is more pronounced. The positive trends are spatially the most homogenous in August, September and October, while the most uniform negative trends were recorded in February, May and November. At annual level, the most significant decrease corresponds to the piedmont, while the rest of the region displays an insignificant positive trend. The SPA emphasized that normal years (deviations oscillating between -1.00 and +1.00) predominate; however, in the eastern part of the region there are lower percentages compared to the western part (70-74% compared to 64-66%). At the same time, in the east, the share of dry weather is double compared to the western part, where rainy weather predominates.