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Volume XIV |

Potential usage of met mast datasets for climatic parameters monitoring in Tulcea County, Romania

Abstract: In order to evaluate the potential usage of high-accuracy climatic data measured continuously in the frame of newly developed renewable energy facilities in Romania for real-time local scale monitoring of climatic parameters, we used 2 years (May 2009 – May 2011) of in-situ climatic datasets measured at 7 met masts locations in Tulcea County. Realization of detailed thematic climatic maps afforded a more focused view of the spatial distribution and of the local patterns for air temperature, relative humidity and pressure, wind speed, direction and energy in the frame of the study site. On the basis of these preliminary results, we emphasize the great potential of similar in-situ real-time measured data to be integrated in the future, together with the data provided by meteorological stations, into complex databases. Their usefulness emerges from their capabilities of being integrated in specialized web-GIS platforms for real-time or near-real-time monitoring of small spatial scale climatic parameters and of contributing to climatic models calibration, weather forecasting, feeding early warning systems for local climatic hazards or to rapid small spatial scale assessment of air pollutants dispersal following different scenarios of wind speed and direction. Further research and initiatives are necessary in the near future for the creation and implementation of these databases in order to become operational.

Volume XIII |

Assessment of the long-term wind energy resources in the Southern Bârlad Plateau. An applied climatology study

Abstract: In order to evaluate the long-term wind conditions and energy resources in the Southern Bârlad Plateau, the WINDATLAS method has been applied, using the numerical software programs WindPRO 2.7 and WAsP 9. For this purpose, 2 years (2008 – 2010) of in-situ wind measurement data from two locations were used. These time series have been adjusted to a 30-year long-term period (1981-2010), using NCAR global weather analyses data, and validated with the monthly means of the wind speed recorded at Galați meteorological station (1981-2010). On the basis of the new generated long-term time series, local wind statistics have been obtained, which were used for wind conditions assessment and energy yield calculations within the study area. The average wind speed, the Weibull parameters for the vertical wind profile, as well as the expected wind energy resources have been determined. The Southern Bârlad Plateau is characterized by high wind energy potential demonstrated by long-term averaged wind speeds larger than 7 m/s (at 120 m a.g.l.), similar to Dobrogea region, and by corresponding wind energy values of more than 3000 kWh/m2 at hill top positions. Another key issue is that the energy potential of this area is relatively constant at multi-annual scale, with prevailing winds from northern and southern directions, making it highly suitable for the development of Multi-Megawatt wind farms. The results obtained by applying this complex methodology can be practically valorized by being further integrated in energy production estimates and feasibility studies for wind farms.

Volume XI |

The wind regime of Romania – Characteristics, trends and North Atlantic oscillation influences

Abstract: The present study attempts to develop a comprehensive perspective of the wind regime on the Romanian territory, focusing on the characteristics and tendencies encountered over the past 50 years, as well as on the NAO projection on it, using several data categories gathered from 167 meteorological stations. Based on the recorded multiannual averages and on the strong correlation (r = 0.87) established between altitude and wind speed in wind exposed areas, we created the map of mean (multi)annual wind speed. The highest aeolian potential corresponds to the Carpathians (7-10 m/s on the ridges and 3-7 m/s on the slopes and within valleys) and the Black Sea Shore (5-7 m/s); nevertheless, the two areas develop extreme values of the wind turbulence – maximum in the Carpathians and minimum in the coastal units. Tablelands in Moldova and Dobrogea, as well as the northern part of Bărăgan show ideal conditions for the development of aeolian parks (moderate and strong winds, low turbulences). On a country-size scale, the month with the highest mean wid speed is March, whereas August is the calmest one. For the first time, the map of resultant wind direction (DRV) was designed, expressing both the resultant wind orrientation and its intensity (high intensity = low directional variability). Concerning NAO, a negative correlation is observed between its indices and the wind speed (mean speed, frequency and intensity of the stromic events) at a multiannual and multidecadal scale. The correlation coefficients present high values in the extra-carpathian areas and small or moderate values in the intra-carpathian areas. The positive (negative) NAO associated with low (high) cyclogenesis over the Mediterranean area induce low (high) winds over the Romanian territory due to diminished (enhanced) frequency of cyclones reaching Romanian regions.