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Volume XVII |

Post-communist Romanian migration patterns: dynamics and territorial perspectives

Abstract: The paper addresses a problem of great importance for Romania, that of the international migration that is in a continuous process of exacerbation after the collapse of the communist regime, but with important spatial differences. The analysis of the situation has led to the need for a series of spatial representations to highlight the typology and structure of migratory flows across the country in the post-communist period, as well as changes in direction or intensity. In almost three decades, more than 550,000 people emigrated from Romania, while almost 240,000 were temporarily abroad in 2017, according to official statistics, but in fact, their number is much higher. The international migration of Romanians has particular characteristics, with four distinct periods, characterized by demographic characteristics and specific territorial distribution. Overall, a mutation of emigrant areas from the west and centre of the country is noticeable after the fall of communism to the eastern and southern regions in recent years, with predominant involvement of young adults.

Volume VIII |

The Evolution of the Urban Public Transport During the 1950-2006 Period in Romania

Abstract: Although it has numerous tangencies with road transport, the passengers’ urban transport represents a transitional sector between the road transport and the railway transport. The increase of the number of inhabitants and the development of the cities, alongside the population’s need to move, determined the evolution of the urban transport. The scope of the present study is to show the dynamics of the number of cities with common transport, the evolution and the geographical distribution of the tram, bus, minibus and electric bus networks between 1950 and 2006. Another objective of this paper is to show the dynamics of the fleet and passengers transport during the same interval. The evolution of the transport network, of the carriages and the transport of passengers by metro between 1980 and 2006 was also analysed.