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Volume VIII |

Germans in Romania between the 1930s and the 2002s – Geographical Aspects

Abstract: In Romania, German ethnics arrived from Central Europe in several waves – during the XIIth-XIIIth and XVIIth-XIXth centuries – and settled mostly in the historical regions of central and Western Romania (Transilvania, Banat and Crişana) – that time under Hungarian domination or integrated in the Habsburg Empire. During the second part of the XXth century – beginning of the XXIst century, the number of these ethnics decreased – from 745.421 persons in 1930 to 60.088 in 2002 – as a consequence of Romanian’s and German’s government disloyalty from the Second World War (1940-1945), the lack of material and juridical base for the after-war generation during the communist governance, the fear, the isolation that continued after 1989 and the discredit towards the minorities’ rights, proclaimed after the Revolution of December, 1989.