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Volume XIII |

Extreme low flow of the Topolovets and Voinishka Rivers (Danube tributaries, Bulgaria)

Abstract: The minimal stream flow is the most sensitive characteristic of stream flow. The aim of the paper is the assessment of the duration and the frequency of low flow through threshold method on daily discharges. The daily data of the two Danube tributaries (the Topolovets and Voinishka) have been used. The results present the following: low flow typically appears in the summer and episodically in the spring and winter; the duration varies between some days to month; the spatial distribution of extreme minimum flow is discrete and depends on climatic and anthropogenic activities. The method of quantiles gives good threshold level for defining extremely low stream flow, but have to apply in keeping with concrete conditions and purposes.