Volume XII |

Competitiveness and sustainable development of the small towns in Romania. Case study: Marghita

Abstract: There is a common thought that the Romanian small towns need to assume the role of catalyst for regional development outside the influence of higher-ranking cities. In this context, a question arises whether small towns can be competitive in regional development challenges, and especially if they can induce sustainable development in the region through resources they hold. Sustainable Development Indicators represent a conceptualization of sustainable urban planning, where land use and models of urban growth potential are based on town needs management depending on available resources, taking into account ecological limits. Thus, they incorporate the principles of inclusion, multidisciplinary and completeness, in order to achieve a social, environmental, economic and territorial balance. As a result, the proposed sets of urban indicators create a framework for sustainable urban planning. The model of sustainable development assessment of the town of Marghita contains a set of 16 indicators and four dimensions (or pillars of sustainable development: four indicators for the economic dimension, seven for the social dimension, two for the institutional and two for the environmental dimension), which lead to a composite indicator when aggregated.