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Volume VIII |

Notions Regarding the Relation between Landforms and Soil in the Eastern and North-Eastern Region of the Romanian Plain

Abstract: The present study aims at rendering the way the geomorphologic features of the eastern and northeastern regions of the Romanian Plain, influenced by the subsidence movements, is reflected in the soil cover. For its achievement, there was used Romania Soil Map, 1:200 000 scale and field mapping, inventorying the soil cover at the level of class, type and, partially, subtype. In the mentioned area located between the Argeş and the Siret, besides the soils (chernozems, phaeozems, reddish preluvosols) the genesis of which is triggered by the bioclimatic conditions characteristic to steppe, forest steppe and nemoral zone, there also develop soils with azonal and intrazonal character. Thus, the presence of large floodplains imposed the noticeable extension of the soils developed on recent fluviatile deposits (alluviosols). At the same time, the altitude and reduced relief intensity impose an increased phreatic level, which is mineralized in many areas and, consequently, certain soils are affected by hydromorphism (Gleysols and gleyic subtypes) and salinization (solonchaks and salinic subtypes, solonetz and alkalic subtypes). Another characteristic of the studied region is linked to the presence of certain soils buried under alluvial and proluvial deposits. The calculation of the topographical-pedogenetic index (Florea, 1997), as a rapport between non-zonal and zonal soils, emphasizes the pregnant influence of the local conditions from the Buzău and the Lower Siret subsidence plains compared to a series of higher plains (Râmnic, Galaţi).