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Volume VIII |

Types of Rural Landscapes in the Oltenian Subcarpathian Depressions

Abstract: Types and territorial distribution are governed by natural resources, demographic and economic factors. The evolution of the human factor in time, the changes occurred in the structure and spread of human settlements, the management of the commons for economic purposes have engendered a huge variety of landscapes in the Curvature Subcarpathians. The evolution of the population (of the labour force) is the main criterion differentiating rural landscapes on the basis of the geomorphic analysis. This landscape dynamics was found to be sliding steeply, moderately or spiralling up. The agro-economic criterion (land use) distinguished the following agricultural landscapes: very extended (80% of the communes) with cultivated fields (bocage variant), wine and fruit-tree plantations, agro-pastoral and mixed-agriculture types. Owing to the diversity of natural factors, the rural landscape in the Bend area has good conditions to develop. The century-old man/ nature relationship has created several human-based rural landscape types, influenced by the type of economic activities.